Unbalanced Youth Justice

The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent youth justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately.  We know that our current youth justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than 47,000 youth were incarcerated on any given night in 2015, most (73 percent) for non-violent offenses. The majority (69 percent) of those incarcerated were youth of color.  Learn more »

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One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

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Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »

Year

Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

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Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

4 of 14 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 10–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of detention

10–17

Standard for detention

(a)(1) Transfer of temporary custody. The court may issue an emergency care order transferring temporary custody of the child to the department pending a temporary care hearing if the court determines that:

(A) there is probable cause that the child has committed a delinquent act; and

(B) continued residence in the home is contrary to the child's welfare because:

(i) the child cannot be controlled at home and is at risk of harm to self or others; or

(ii) continued residence in the home will not safeguard the well-being of the child and the safety of the community because of the serious and dangerous nature of the act the juvenile is alleged to have committed.

Detention hearing timeline

Vt. Stat. Ann. Tit. 33 § 5255.

Within 72 hours of the initial court order of custody, except Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.

Contact

Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Theresa Lay-Sleeper
Vermont Agency of Human Services
Department for Children and Families
Osgood 2
103 South Main Street
Waterbury, VT 05671
Phone: 802-498-8890
theresa.lay-sleeper@ahs.state.vt.us

There is no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Theresa Lay-Sleeper
Vermont Agency of Human Services
Department for Children and Families
Osgood 2
103 South Main Street
Waterbury, VT 05671
Phone: 802-498-8890
theresa.lay-sleeper@ahs.state.vt.us

DMC subcommittee chair

There is currently no DMC subcommittee chair

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

State plan

There is no link available to the current State Plan

State Advisory Group (SAG)

The mission of the Children and Family Council for Prevention Programs is to advocate for and promote healthy children, families, and communities, and to eradicate child abuse, delinquency, and other forms of violence.

The CFCPP is the Vermont State Advisory Group (SAG) as required by the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention Act.f. The Council is a 21-member advisory group appointed by the governor with consent of the Vermont Senate. Members include private individuals, state agency personnel, representatives of private social services agencies, and youth. The Council was begun by the Vermont legislature in 1986.

SAG chair

Kreig Pinkham
Washington County Youth Service Bureau
P.O. Box 627
Montpelier, VT 05601
Phone: 802-229-9151
kreigpinkham@comcast.net
Website

Organizational structure

The Council is a 21-member advisory group appointed by the governor with consent of the Vermont Senate. Members include private individuals, state agency personnel, representatives of private social services agencies, and youth. The Council was begun by the Vermont legislature in 1986.

Appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Vermont Senate to provide advice to the Governor and the Legislature about juveniles, the juvenile justice system, and the prevention of such problem behaviors as juvenile delinquency, dropping out of school, teenage pregnancy, substance abuse and child abuse among children and their families. Duties involve administering the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (JJDP) Formula Grant for Vermont and the Vermont State Children's Trust Fund (CTF). Administering the Children's Trust Fund includes raising money for it. Work is performed with the assistance of the Vermont State Agency of Human Services (AHS).

Committees

  • Prevention
  • Intervention
  • Executive

Membership

  • Pinkham, Kreig
  • Phillips, Hannah
  • Loner, Michael
  • Tallon, Keith
  • Laurey Burris
  • Johnson, Linda
  • Sheil, Robert
  • Farrell, Willa
  • Kreitzer, Jerry
  • Hayden, Mary
  • Coakley, Kellie
  • Roessle, Drusilla
  • Longhi, Andrew
  • Villars, Allyson
  • Schatz, Kenneth
  • Kamp, Susan
  • Hover, Caprice
  • Lay-Sleeper, Theresa

About the data

Our website is populated by data provided to us by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Continue reading for details about the One-day count and Annual decision points data.

Download

Complete downloads of the data are available in several formats:

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Each table of data is also available for download. Click Show table below any table to download just the data shown.