Unbalanced Youth Justice

The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent youth justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately.  We know that our current youth justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than 47,000 youth were incarcerated on any given night in 2015, most (73 percent) for non-violent offenses. The majority (69 percent) of those incarcerated were youth of color.  Learn more »

Use the tools below to explore this issue »

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »

Year

Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

4 of 29 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 0–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20; may be extended until juvenile pays all restitution

Age of detention

  • 0–17
  • Extended Age of Detention Jurisdiction: 20

Standard for detention

Formerly cited as UT ST § 78-3a-114

(1)(a) A minor may not be placed or kept in a secure detention facility pending court proceedings unless it is unsafe for the public to leave the minor with the minor's parents, guardian, or custodian and the minor is detainable based on guidelines promulgated by the Division of Juvenile Justice Services.

(Utah has given authority to the DJJS to create their own standards for detention).

Detention hearing timeline

Within 48 hours of custody, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, unless a continuance has been granted.

Contact

Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Cuong Nguyen
Utah Commission on Criminal Justice and Juvenile Justice
State Capitol Complex, Suite E330
P.O. Box 142330
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-2330
Phone: 801-538-1739
Fax: 801-538-1024
cvnguyen@utah.gov

Website

JJS coordinator

Reg Garff
Utah Commission on Criminal Justice and Juvenile Justice
State Capitol Complex, Suite E330
P.O. Box 142330
Salt Lake City, UT 84114-2330
Phone: 801-538-1372
Fax: 801-538-1024
rgarff@utah.gov

DMC subcommittee chair

Scott Jackson
sjackson@pleasantviewpolice.com

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

State plan

2012–2014 plan

State Advisory Group (SAG)

The Utah Board of Juvenile Justice (UBJJ) serves as the federally designated State Advisory Group under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) of 2002. Under the Act, the Board must prepare a comprehensive plan advancing the goals of the Act in Utah, leveraging both federal and state resources. The UBJJ: Develops annual plans to implement the objectives of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act and to promote the development of an effective and coordinated juvenile justice system in the State of Utah.

Disburses funds received pursuant to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act in a manner consistent with the plan and forwards funding recommendations for ratification to the Utah Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice.

Advises the Governor, the Legislature, and the CCJJ on juvenile justice matters and performs such other duties as assigned by the Governor, Legislature, and the CCJJ.

SAG chair

Karen Crompton
Voices for Utah Children
747 East South Temple, Suite 100
Salt Lake City, UT 84102
Phone: 801-364-1182
Fax: 801-364-1186
karen@utahchildren.org
Website

Organizational structure

Utah's DMC Committee is a Subcommittee of the Utah Board of Juvenile Justice (Utah's SAG). The DMC Chair is nominated by the SAG Executive Board and voted annually by the SAG. DMC Subcommittee meet monthly, except July and December, immediately after SAG meetings. Six of the 22 DMC members are also SAG member who are appointed by the Governor.. DMC Subcommittee provide monthly update, both JJS and DMC Coordinator attend the SAG and DMC meetings. By accessing to Utah DMC Website (link provided in question 3), you can see meeting minutes and meeting agenda as well.

Committees

  • Youth Committee
  • Pre-Adjudicated Committee
  • Post-Adjudicated Committee
  • Disproportionate Minority Contact Committee

Membership

  • Gaby Anderson, Deputy Director, Juvenile Justice Services, Salt Lake City
  • Pat Berckman, Director, Salt Lake County Division of Youth Services, South Salt Lake City
  • Charri Brummer, Deputy Director, Division of Child & Family Services, Salt Lake City
  • Adam Cohen, Executive Director, Odyssey House, Youth Member, Chair Elect (10/08–10/10)
  • Karen Crompton, Executive Director, Voices for Utah Children, Salt Lake City
  • Craig Dearden, Commissioner, Weber County, Ogden
  • Patrick Garcia, Executive Director, Human Resources, Salt Lake School District, Salt Lake City
  • Maria J. Garciaz, Executive Director, NeighborWorks Salt Lake, Salt Lake City, Chair (10/08–10/10)
  • Princess Gutierrez, Youth Member, Salt Lake City
  • Gini Highfield, Probation Chief, 2nd District Juvenile Court, Farmington
  • Chief Maxwell L. Jackson, Chief of Police, Harrisville City, Harrisville
  • Kaisa Kinkini, Executive Director, Stand a Little Taller Youth Program (SALT), Salt Lake City
  • Spencer T. Larsen, Odyssey House Adolescent Treatment, Youth Member, Salt Lake City
  • James R. Marchel, PhD., Executive Director, Youth Support Systems, Inc., Citizen, Representative, Holladay
  • Judge James Michie, Third District Juvenile Court, West Jordan
  • Van Nguyen, Salt Lake City, Youth Member
  • Troy Rawlings, Davis County Attorney, Farmington
  • Shirlee Silversmith, Utah Director of Indian Affairs, Salt Lake City
  • Rachael Skidmore, Youth Member, Pleasant Grove
  • Russ Van Vleet, Citizen Representative, Draper
  • Pamela Vickrey, Utah Juvenile Defender Attorneys, Salt Lake City

About the data

Our website is populated by data provided to us by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Continue reading for details about the One-day count and Annual decision points data.

Download

Complete downloads of the data are available in several formats:

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Each table of data is also available for download. Click Show table below any table to download just the data shown.