Unbalanced Youth Justice

The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent youth justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately.  We know that our current youth justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than 47,000 youth were incarcerated on any given night in 2015, most (73 percent) for non-violent offenses. The majority (69 percent) of those incarcerated were youth of color.  Learn more »

Use the tools below to explore this issue »

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »

Year

Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

75 of 75 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

10-17
Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of Detention:

10-17

Standard for detention

http://www.burnsinstitute.org/downloads/ArkansasDetention.pdf

(b)(1)In determining whether to detain a juvenile who has been taken into custody on an allegation of delinquency pending a detention hearing, the intake officer shall consider the following facts:

(A)Ties to the community, including:
(i)Place and length of residence;
(ii)School attendance;
(iii)Present and past employment;
(iv)Family relationships;
(v)References; and

(B)Nature of the alleged offense, including:
(i)Whether the offense would constitute a felony or misdemeanor;
(ii)The use of force or violence;
(iii)Prior juvenile or criminal record; and
(iv)Any history of failure to appear for court appearances.

(2)The intake officer may determine that there is no less restrictive alternative to detention if detention is necessary:

(A)To prevent imminent bodily harm to the juvenile or to another; or

(B)To prevent flight when the juvenile is a fugitive or escapee from another jurisdiction.

(3)Only if a substantial number of the facts considered under subdivision (b)(1) of this section weigh against the juvenile or one (1) of the two (2) circumstances in subdivision (b)(2) of this section exists shall the juvenile be detained pending a detention hearing by the court.

Detention hearing timeline

http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/SearchCenter/Pages/ArkansasCodeSearchResultPage.aspx

Within 72 hours after the juvenile is taken into custody or on the next business day if the 72 hours ends on a Saturday, Sunday, or holiday.

Contact

Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Henry Thompson
Division of Youth Services
Arkansas Department of Human Services
700 Main Street
P.O. Box 1437, Slot S503
Little Rock, AR 72203-1437
Phone: 501-320-6139
henry.thompson@arkansas.gov

There is no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Wanda Goree
Division of Youth Services
Arkansas Department of Human Services
700 Main Street
P.O. Box 1437, Slot S503
Little Rock, AR 72203-1437
Phone: 501-320-6119
wanda.goree@arkansas.gov

DMC subcommittee chair

Dr. Donnell Hetler
hetlerdonnell@yahoo.com

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

DMC reform efforts

http://www.arjuvjust.net/images/dmcfacts.pdf

Three targeted counties by RRI are slated to work with DMC. 

State plan


There is no link available to the current State Plan

State Advisory Group (SAG)

The Arkansas Coalition for Juvenile Justice is the State Advisory Group (SAG) under terms of the federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. The SAG advises the governor and the legislature about issues, trends and practices related to delinquency prevention and the state's juvenile justice system.

Its members are appointed by the governor to indefinite terms and serve at the pleasure of the governor. They come from many walks of life and include representatives of non-profit organizations, public agencies, resource providers, elected officials and public school students, among others.

Juvenile justice systems in our state and nation recognize that youth are different from adults, that they are able to change and adapt, and that the juvenile justice system should help guide them toward productive adulthood rather than dispense punishment.

The ACJJ holds that all youth are at risk because of the huge challenges they face in growing up. Some face more risk than others due to situations involving poverty, dysfunctional families, cultural and ethnic disparities, mental health problems, and violence embedded in our culture. The ACJJ is most concerned about and committed to helping those children at greater risk in our society.

SAG chair

Jerry Walsh
State Advisory Group
P.O. Box 205
Magnolia, AR 71753
South Arkansas Youth Services, Inc.
124 South Jackson, Suite 308
Magnolia, AR 71753
Phone: 870-234-6550, ext. 308
Email: jkwalsh@sbcglobal.net
Website »

Organizational structure

The Arkansas Coalition for Juvenile Justice is comprised of people from many walks of life - representatives of the juvenile justice system, public and private agencies, law enforcement, schools, young people (including former delinquent youth) and other concerned citizens. Its members are appointed by and serve at the will of the Governor.

Committees

DMC
Waiting on further Committees to be created

Membership

  1. Jerry Walsh - Magnolia
  2. Judge Gary Arnold - Benton
  3. Angie Bobo - Hope
  4. Judge Wiley Branton - Maumelle
  5. Michelle Brewer - Conway
  6. Luke Flesher - North Little Rock
  7. Kay Forrest - Cherokee Village
  8. Donnell Hegler - El Dorado
  9. Christine Johnson - Little Rock
  10. Pat Malone - Corning
  11. Marilyn Rutledge - Little Rock
  12. Dan Sears - Harrison
  13. Sharon Smith - Hot Springs

About the data

Our website is populated by data provided to us by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Continue reading for details about the One-day count and Annual decision points data.

Download

Complete downloads of the data are available in several formats:

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Each table of data is also available for download. Click Show table below any table to download just the data shown.