Unbalanced Youth Justice

The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent youth justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately.  We know that our current youth justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than 47,000 youth were incarcerated on any given night in 2015, most (73 percent) for non-violent offenses. The majority (69 percent) of those incarcerated were youth of color.  Learn more »

Use the tools below to explore this issue »

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »

Year

Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

4 of 53 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 7–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of detention

Varies by individual facility

Standard for detention

A child taken into custody may not be detained or placed in shelter care prior to the hearing on the petition unless the child's detention or care is required to protect the person or property of others or of the child or because the child may abscond or be removed from the jurisdiction of the court or because the child has no parent, guardian, or custodian or other person able to provide supervision and care for the child and return the child to the court when required, or an order for the child's detention or shelter care has been made by the court pursuant to this chapter.

Detention hearing timeline

N.D. Cent. Code § 27-20-17.

Promptly and no later than 96 hours after detention.

Contact

Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Lisa Jahner
North Dakota Juvenile Justice State Advisory Group
1661 Capitol Way
Bismarck, ND 58501
Phone: 701-328-7320
Fax: 701-328-7308
ljahner@ndaco.org

There is no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Lisa Jahner
North Dakota Juvenile Justice State Advisory Group
1661 Capitol Way
Bismarck, ND 58501
Phone: 701-328-7320
Fax: 701-328-7308
ljahner@ndaco.org

DMC subcommittee chair

There is currently no DMC subcommittee chair

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

State plan

There is no link available to the current State Plan

North Dakota has a Title II Formula Grant to fund Attendant Care programs and help with the Implementation and monitoring recommendations from the DMC analysis.

State Advisory Group (SAG)

In cooperation with the Division of Juvenile Services the ND Juvenile Justice State Advisory Group (JJSAG) is appointed by the Governor to study juvenile justice issues and make recommendations regarding policy and funding decisions. The JJSAG annually recommends grant awards under Title II(b) and V of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. The JJSAG also serves as the advisory board for the Juvenile Accountability Block Grant Program that was authorized through the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 2002.

SAG chair

Mark Johnson
Executive Director
North Dakota Association of Counties
P.O. Box 877
Bismarck, ND 58502-0877
Phone: 701-328-7300
Fax: 701-328-7308
mjohnson@ndaco.org
Website

Organizational structure

Appointed by the chair based on their interest, no one is excluded if they want to be there.

Committees

  • Grants
  • DMC

Membership

  • Rhonda Allery
  • Patricia Andahl
  • Ashley Beall
  • Brian Beehler
  • Aaron Birst
  • Lisa Bjergaard
  • Shelby Delorme
  • Chelsea Eagle
  • Time Eissinger
  • Lisa Jahner
  • Mark Johnson
  • Karen Kringlie
  • Al Lick
  • Craig Poitra
  • Clara Sue Price
  • Robert Rutten
  • Andrew Solberg
  • Melody Staeber
  • Erin Strangeland
  • Senator Rich Wardner
  • Sheriff Lauren Wild

About the data

Our website is populated by data provided to us by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Continue reading for details about the One-day count and Annual decision points data.

Download

Complete downloads of the data are available in several formats:

Download the data »

Each table of data is also available for download. Click Show table below any table to download just the data shown.