Unbalanced Youth Justice

The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent youth justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately.  We know that our current youth justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than 47,000 youth were incarcerated on any given night in 2015, most (73 percent) for non-violent offenses. The majority (69 percent) of those incarcerated were youth of color.  Learn more »

Use the tools below to explore this issue »

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

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Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »

Year

Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

10 of 10 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 0–16
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of detention

11–17

Standard for detention

I. Following arraignment a minor alleged to be delinquent may be ordered by the court to be:

(e) Detained at a facility certified by the commissioner of the department of health and human services for detention of minors pursuant to the following:

(1) No minor charged with delinquency shall be securely detained following arraignment unless the prosecution establishes probable cause to believe that the minor committed the alleged delinquent acts and unless the prosecution demonstrates by clear and convincing evidence the need for secure detention, based upon the criteria for secure detention specified in subparagraph (e)(2);

(2) A minor shall not be securely detained unless secure detention is necessary:

(A) To insure the presence of the juvenile at a subsequent hearing; or

(B) To provide care and supervision for a minor who is in danger of self-inflicted harm when no parent, guardian, custodian, or other suitable person or program is available to supervise and provide such care; or

(C) To protect the personal safety or property of others from the probability of serious bodily harm or other harm.

Detention hearing timeline

N.H. Rev. Stat. Ann. § 169-B:13.

Within 24 hours of custody excluding Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays.

Contact

Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Andrew Smith
Division of Children Youth and Families
Bureau of JJ services
1056 North River Road
Manchester, NH 03104
Phone: 603-625-5471, ext. 341
Andrew.smith@dhhs.state.nh.us

There is no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Pamela Sullivan
Division for Juvenile Justice Services
1056 N. River Road
Manchester, NH 03104
Phone: 603-625-5471, ext. 366
Fax: 603-624-0512
psullivan@dhhs.state.nh.us

DMC subcommittee chair

Eddie Edwards
Chief of Police South Hampton
Phone: 603-394-0105
chiefedwardsnh@gmail.com

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

DMC reform efforts

New Hampshire completed the Identification and Assessment Phases of the NH DMC Study. The report is available on the website of the New Hampshire Center for Public Policy: Disproportionate Minority Contact In New Hampshire - Juvenile Justice DMC Assessment

Each local DMC Committee (Manchester, Nashua and Rochester) have local strategies based on the priorities of each respective city.

State plan

There is no link available to the current State Plan

State Advisory Group (SAG)

To provide advise to the Governor, make federal awards to the community, submit an annual report to the Governor, to provide guidance and advise the state planning agency.

SAG chair

Judge Paul Lawrence
Goffstown District Court
329 Mast Road
Goffstown, NH 03045
Phone: 627-2211
Fax: 627-2355
plawrence@courts.state.nh.us

&

Patricia "Pat" Dowling
Work: 603-537-5305
patdowling@pruverani.com

Website

Organizational structure

Members of the SAG are apppointed by the Governor. The SAG's community relations committee interviews prospective SAG members, advising them of the expectations of them as a SAG member, educates them on OJJDP, CJJ etc.

The committee makes recommendations to the full SAG. Once approved by the SAG, a letter from the SPA Commissioner is sent to the Governor for appointment. NH seeks to appoint members who represent the entire state, and juvenile justice agencies and/or agencies that deal with issues that youth deal with, i.e. - mental health, drug/alcohol, faith based, citizens, business, etc.

Committees

  • Community Relations
  • DMC
  • Planning and Research
  • Programs

Membership

  • Ron Adams
  • Glenn Quinney
  • David Kemper
  • Patricia Dowling
  • Don Bazzell
  • Jerry Gulezain
  • Amy Pepin
  • Eddie Edwards
  • Judge Cliff Kinghorn
  • Bonnie St. Jean
  • Jennafer McNutt
  • Joe Diament
  • Steve Rowe
  • J. Ted Kirkpatrick
  • Marty Boldin
  • Star Smith
  • Jason Ellis
  • Pamela Sullivan
  • Andrew Smith

About the data

Our website is populated by data provided to us by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Continue reading for details about the One-day count and Annual decision points data.

Download

Complete downloads of the data are available in several formats:

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Each table of data is also available for download. Click Show table below any table to download just the data shown.