Unbalanced Youth Justice

The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent youth justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately.  We know that our current youth justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than 47,000 youth were incarcerated on any given night in 2015, most (73 percent) for non-violent offenses. The majority (69 percent) of those incarcerated were youth of color.  Learn more »

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One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

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Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »

Year

Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

16 of 17 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 0–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of detention

  • 8–18
  • Extended Age of Detention Jurisdiction: 21

Standard for detention

2. If a child is alleged to be delinquent or in need of supervision, the child must not, before disposition of the case, be detained in a facility for the secure detention of children unless there is probable cause to believe that:

(a) If the child is not detained, the child is likely to commit an offense dangerous to himself or to the community, or likely to commit damage to property;

(b) The child will run away or be taken away so as to be unavailable for proceedings of the juvenile court or to its officers;

(c) The child was taken into custody and brought before a probation officer pursuant to a court order or warrant; or

(d) The child is a fugitive from another jurisdiction.

Detention hearing timeline

Nev. Rev. Stat. § 62C.040.

Within 72 hours of detention, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays.

Within 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays if the juvenile submits a written application for hearing.

Contact

Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Mr. Kirby Burgess
Cell: 702-303-7907
klb05@msn.com

There is no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Pauline E. Salla
Juvenile Justice Programs
475 West Haskell #7
Winnemucca, NV 89445
Phone: 775-623-6571
Fax: 775-623-6555
Psalla@dcfs.nv.gov

DMC subcommittee chair

Mr. Kirby Burgess
Cell: 702-303-7907
klb05@msn.com

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

Reform efforts

Contract with the Burns Institute

State plan

There is no linke available to the current State Plan

Nevada Three Year Plan for Title II Formula Grant includes a plan to address disparate treatment. Also, Nevada has begun the process of seeking technical assistance to complete a statewide assessment.

State Advisory Group (SAG)

A local responsibility of the Juvenile Justice Commission is to allocate funds to programs and agencies that support the goals and vision of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDP). Additionally, these community partners are responsible for improving community-based programs to assure that Nevada's youth receive the guidance and support that they deserve. The Juvenile Justice Commission allocates JJDP funds throughout Nevada.

Mission

To fulfill the requirements of the JJDP Act relating to advisory groups and to advocate for compliance with the Act, the SAG (State Advisory Group) will take the lead role in setting overall standards for the funding of JJDP projects, and to reviewing the providing final recommendations for the funding of specific proposals.

Commission Objectives

  • To provide information and expertise in juvenile justice matters to the Governor, the Nevada State Legislature, the Department of Human Resources, the Division of Child and Family Services, state agencies, state boards and commissions, local units of government, and the public at large, in order to improve the general level of knowledge of needs, problems and solutions involving the prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency and the youth serving system.
  • To work toward the solution of service problems created by geographical imbalance of service availability.
  • To ensure Nevada's compliance with the JJDP Act goals, objectives, and mandates through the monitoring of statistical, programmatic and compliance information and reports.
  • To ensure that new programs developed with the JJDP Formula Grant funds address the highest identified priority program areas by providing a review and comment upon all administratively approved applications prior to final approval.
  • To improve the Nevada Revised Statute requirements concerning the legal processing of juveniles in Nevada by developing resolutions and supportive materials for positive bills before the Legislature and notices of opposition for bills which are not consistent with the JJDP Act mandates and/or would have negative impact on youth or the juvenile justice system.

SAG chair

John Hambrick
11216 Dell Cliff's Court
Las Vegas, NV 89144
Phone: 702-499-6169
Fax: 702-242-3406
J16212@yahoo.com
Website

Organizational structure

There is no organization information available at this time.

Committees

  • Planning
  • Legislative
  • Minority
  • Youth Advisory Council
  • Grants

Membership

  • Niah Anson
  • Michael Beam
  • Kirby Burgess
  • Frank Cervantes
  • Dan Coppa
  • Liz Florez
  • Danny Gonzales
  • Joel Gutierrez
  • John Hambrick
  • Lisa Morris Hibbler, D.P.A.
  • Amber Leigh Howell
  • David Humke
  • Noah Jennings
  • Dawn Lozano
  • John Matthew Martin
  • Steve McBride
  • Raymond McKay
  • Ivet Santiago
  • Fernando Serrano
  • Scott Shick
  • Paula Smith
  • Honorable Egan Walker
  • Honorable Kimberly Wanker
  • Lonnie Wright

About the data

Our website is populated by data provided to us by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Continue reading for details about the One-day count and Annual decision points data.

Download

Complete downloads of the data are available in several formats:

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Each table of data is also available for download. Click Show table below any table to download just the data shown.