Unbalanced Youth Justice

The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent youth justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately.  We know that our current youth justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than 47,000 youth were incarcerated on any given night in 2015, most (73 percent) for non-violent offenses. The majority (69 percent) of those incarcerated were youth of color.  Learn more »

Use the tools below to explore this issue »

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »

Year

Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

Click column headers to sort Download

Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

83 of 83 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 0–16
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of detention

11–16

Standard for detention

(2) Custody, pending hearing, is limited to the following children:

(a) Those whose home conditions make immediate removal necessary.

(b) Those who have a record of unexcused failures to appear at juvenile court proceedings.

(c) Those who have run away from home.

(d) Those who have failed to remain in a detention or nonsecure facility or placement in violation of a court order.

(e) Those whose offenses are so serious that release would endanger public safety.

(f) Those who have allegedly violated a personal protection order and for whom it appears there is a substantial likelihood of retaliation or continued violation.

Detention hearing timeline

Michigan Rules for Special Proceedings, Rule 3.935.

Within 24 hours of custody, excluding Saturday, Sunday and legal holidays.

Contact

Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Melinda Fandel
Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice Coordinator
Bureau of Child Welfare Funding and Juvenile Programs
Phone: (517) 373-8934
Fax: (517) 373-2799
Fandelm@michigan.gov
Hours: Mon–Fri 7:30–4:00

Website

JJS coordinator

Melinda Fandel
Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice Coordinator
Bureau of Child Welfare Funding and Juvenile Programs
Phone: (517) 373-8934
Fax: (517) 373-2799
Fandelm@michigan.gov
Hours: Mon–Fri 7:30–4:00

DMC subcommittee chair

There is currently no DMC subcommittee chair

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

State plan

There is no link available to the current State Plan

State Advisory Group (SAG)

The mission of the Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice is to advise the Governor on matters related to juvenile justice legislation and administration, to mobilize communities to develop and implement comprehensive, data driven prevention services, and to create a strategic plan that sets standards, determines priorities and allocates funds for successful delinquency prevention and rehabilitative programs that promote stronger families, healthier youth and safer communities.

SAG chair

Judge Dorene S. Allen
Chief Probate Judge for Midland County
Midland County Probate Court
301 W. Main Street, Courthouse
Midland, MI 48640
Phone: 989-832-6880
Website

Organizational structure

Governor Jennifer M. Granholm has appointed 19 new members and reappointed 4 members to the Michigan Committee on Juvenile Justice. The committee is made up of individuals representing various aspects of the juvenile justice community.

Committees

  • Jail Removal Subcommittee
  • Data Subcommittee
  • Delinquency Prevention Subcommittee
  • Legislative Subcommittee

Membership

  1. Sara Antoine, of Marquette County-Youth Reappointed
  2. Helen V. Brinkman, of Kent County
  3. Arthur M. Carter, of Wayne County
  4. Leonard Dixon, of Wayne County
  5. Joan Doughty, of Washtenaw County
  6. The Honorable William Ervin, of Isabella County
  7. Jeffery R. Fink of Kalamazoo County
  8. Diane M Giddings of Lenawee County-Youth Reappointed
  9. Amy Good of Wayne County
  10. Sharkey Haddad of Wayne County
  11. Carol Harton of Ingham County
  12. Jeriel Heard of Oakland County
  13. Marilyn "Joey" Latterman of Ingham County
  14. Anita Lacy of Kalamazoo County-Youth Appointed
  15. Chiquita Mckenzie of Macomb
  16. Betsy B. Mellos of Wayne County
  17. Beatriz Netherton
  18. Brian D. Philson
  19. Kenyatta Stephens
  20. Joseph M. Underwood, Jr. of Cass County
  21. Gary L. Walker of Marquette County
  22. The Honorable Elizabeth A. Weaver of Leelanau County
  23. Clarence L. Williams of Wayne County

About the data

Our website is populated by data provided to us by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Continue reading for details about the One-day count and Annual decision points data.

Download

Complete downloads of the data are available in several formats:

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Each table of data is also available for download. Click Show table below any table to download just the data shown.