Unbalanced Youth Justice

The Burns Institute is in pursuit of an equitable and excellent youth justice system. A system used sparingly and appropriately.  We know that our current youth justice system is not equitable, excellent, or used sparingly and appropriately. More than 47,000 youth were incarcerated on any given night in 2015, most (73 percent) for non-violent offenses. The majority (69 percent) of those incarcerated were youth of color.  Learn more »

Use the tools below to explore this issue »

One-day count

Data in this section show how many youth are detained, committed, or otherwise sleeping somewhere other than their homes per orders of the court on "any given day" in select years. Data is available for the nation and on a state-by-state basis, and are based upon one-day counts of youth in residential placement facilities conducted in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2013, and 2015. Learn more »

Show table and download this data

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Year White Black Latino Native American Asian Other All youth of color All youth

Annual decision points

This section includes data at nine key juvenile justice annual decision points. Data are available at the county and state-level, but only for counties that report. This section allows you to view the data from many different angles and all of the data is broken down by race and ethnicity. Learn more »

Year

Data not available for every year. (Why?)

Available years are those for which states have submitted data to OJJDP. States do not submit data on an annual basis.

Case flow diagram

Click on a decision-making point to see the data for that point. Click additional decision-making points to the graph to compare.

  1. Youth population

  • 1Comparison of arrest to population is rate per 1,000 youth. All other annual decision points are rate per 100 youth at the prior decision-making point.
  • 2Due to differences in how states define arrests and referrals to court, some states may have more referrals to court than arrests.
Show table and download this data

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Decision White Black Latino American Indian or Alaskan Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander Asian Other All youth of color All youth

7 of 44 counties (Why?)

Originally, states were only required to examine three counties: those with the greatest proportions of minority youth within their juvenile population, as well as those that contained the greatest numbers of minority youth. Only recently has OJJDP required that states track DMC data for all potential DMC reduction sites on a regular basis (at least every 3 years). If a county is not a DMC reduction site, data may not be available.

Detention statute

Juvenile courts may hold delinquents in a secure detention facility if the court believes it is in the best interest of the community or the child. After arrest a youth is often brought to the local juvenile detention facility by law enforcement. Juvenile probation officers or detention workers review the case and decide if the juvenile should be held pending a hearing by a judge.

Jurisdiction ages

  • 10–17
  • Extended Age of Delinquency Jurisdiction: 20

Age of detention

10–17

Standard for detention

A peace officer may take a juvenile into custody upon a written order or warrant signed by a judge. The judge may issue the order or warrant after finding that there is reasonable cause to believe that the juvenile comes within the purview of this chapter. Such taking into custody shall not be deemed an arrest. Jurisdiction of the court shall attach from the time the juvenile is taken into custody. When an officer takes a juvenile into custody, he shall notify the parent, guardian or custodian of the juvenile as soon as possible. Unless otherwise ordered by the court, or unless it appears to the officer taking the juvenile into custody that it is contrary to the welfare of society or the juvenile, such juvenile shall be released to the custody of his parent or other responsible adult upon written promise, signed by such person, to bring the juvenile to the court at a stated time. Such written promise shall be submitted to the court as soon as possible. If such person shall fail to produce the juvenile as agreed, or upon notice from the court, a summons for such person may be issued by the court and a warrant may be issued for apprehension of the juvenile.

Detention hearing timeline

No later than 24 hours, excluding Saturdays, Sundays and holidays.

Contact

Please email Anna Wong with any updates to contact information for your DMC coordinator, JJS coordinator, or DMC subcommittee chair.

DMC coordinator

Alan Miller
Department of Juvenile Corrections
P.O. Box 83720
954 West Jefferson Street
Boise, ID 83720-0285
Phone: 208-334-5100, x 442
Fax: 208-334-5120
alanf.miller@idjc.idaho.gov

There is no DMC website

JJS coordinator

Alan Miller
Department of Juvenile Corrections
P.O. Box 83720
954 West Jefferson Street
Boise, ID 83720-0285
Phone: 208-334-5100, x 442
Fax: 208-334-5120
alanf.miller@idjc.idaho.gov

DMC subcommittee chair

Andy Rodriguez
Phone: 208-466-2601
andyr@nampahousing.com

Reform efforts

States that wish to post their most recent three-year plans or share other relevant publications about their reform work should contact Anna Wong. We would be happy to link to relevant documents and information.

State Advisory Group (SAG)

The Idaho Juvenile Justice Commission serves as the state advisory group responsible for performing the duties required by the Federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. Members of the Commission are appointed by the Governor and are chosen from many fields, including local government, elected officials, juvenile justice professionals, judges, prosecutors, juveniles, business professionals, educators, youth and volunteers.

SAG chair

The mission of the Idaho Juvenile Justice Commission is to help Idaho strengthen youth and families. The Commission is authorized under Executive Order 2005-13 to receive and allocate federal funds under the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974, as amended in 2002 and currently has twenty-six members appointed by the Governor.

Carolyn Peterson
Chair
Kootenai County Juvenile Diversion
P.O. Box 9000
Phone: 208-818-0323
cpjj11@gmail.com
Website

Organizational structure

The Idaho Juvenile Justice Commission serves as the state advisory group responsible for performing the duties required by the Federal Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act. Members of the Commission are appointed by the Governor and are chosen from many fields, including local government, elected officials, juvenile justice professionals, judges, prosecutors, juveniles, business professionals, educators, youth and volunteers.

Committees

Standing committees

  • Executive Committee
  • Grants Committee
  • Legislative Committee
  • Program Committee

Additional committees

  • Ethics
  • By-laws
  • Compliance
  • Disproportionate Minority Contact
  • Youth Committee
  • Restorative Justice Practices

Membership

  • Lisa Tayloy
  • Deinse Blevins
  • Rep. Darrell Bolz
  • Andy Rodriguez
  • Lorin Nielsen
  • Susan Delyea
  • Kyle Fisher
  • Nancy Lopez
  • Chris Palmer
  • Randy Prescott
  • Carolyn Peterson
  • Fernando Flores
  • Marilee Davis
  • Marc Crecelius
  • Samantha Lahman
  • Amanda Brown
  • Ron Smith
  • Bill Thompson
  • John Varin
  • Ashley
  • Beverly
  • Hon. Thomas Ryan

About the data

Our website is populated by data provided to us by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP). Continue reading for details about the One-day count and Annual decision points data.

Download

Complete downloads of the data are available in several formats:

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Each table of data is also available for download. Click Show table below any table to download just the data shown.